Also, since 2014, the main Union programs and the cooperation programs with other countries, from which New Caledonia can benefit, are the following :
- the European Union Research and Innovation Program « Horizon 2020 » ;
- the European Union Program for Education, Training, Youth and Sport « Erasmus + » ;
- Support program in the European creative and cultural sectors « Creative Europe » ;
- the European Program for the Competitiveness of Enterprises and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises « COSME » ;
- the Environment and Climate Action Program « LIFE » ;
- theInstrument de coopération pour le développement « ICD ».
PACE-Net PLUS is the successor to the PACE-Net project (2010-2013), which enabled the European Union to successfully strengthen bilateral collaborations with the Pacific region by improving the visibility of science and technology networks. The recommendations of PACE-Net have been communicated to the Pacific Plan Review, a strategic governance tool for Pacific Islands Forum member countries.
The objectives are to strengthen the dialogue between Europe and the Pacific region in science and technology, support research and innovation efforts, promote scientific excellence and industrial and economic competitiveness. This three-year project coordinated by IRD has a budget of 3 million euros (358 million CFP francs).
PACE-Net PLUS relies on a consortium of sixteen members, including eight partners from the Pacific region (two of which are based in New Caledonia and Polynesia) and regional and international organizations. With a view to mutual benefit between Europe and the Pacific region - which is of growing geostrategic importance - PACE-Net PLUS will address three major societal challenges :
health, demographic changes and well-being ;
food security, sustainable agriculture, marine and maritime research, bio-economy ;
climate issues, exploitation of natural resources, raw materials.
Contributing to structuring the dialogue between Europe and the Pacific in the field of information and technology science is an important objective of PACE-Net PLUS, which will be pursued in particular through the organization of exchange platforms bringing together actors and governance structures from both regions and the search for synergies between existing initiatives (e.g. climate change). The strengthening of scientific partnerships will be based on the mutual promotion of bi-regional cooperation opportunities, particularly those offered by Horizon 2020. By particularly using the sources of innovation that can be identified for each of the three societal challenges, the project will contribute to alleviate the difficulties of innovation and reduce the gap between the public and private sectors in the island countries, to promote the development of industrial products as a part of of economic interests shared by Europe and the Pacific and, finally, to the contribution of ITS to address global challenges
The BEST III preparatory action aims to support the BEST initiative for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the outermost regions (ORs) and OCTs, by putting in place tools to improve the visibility of conservation projects in these territories.
In New Caledonia, the preparatory action consists in setting up an ecosystem profile of the territory.
For the past few years, New Caledonia has been more involved in the education and training programs proposed by the European Commission: for the 2007-2013 period, the "Lifelong Learning" and "Youth in Action" programs have been grouped together in "Erasmus +" for the 2014-2020 period.
The Youth in Action program offers young Europeans the chance to make a real contribution to the world (and to their own lives) through the European Voluntary Service (EVS). EVS provides young Europeans with a unique opportunity to express their personal commitment through voluntary activities in a foreign country, within or outside the European Union. It seeks to develop solidarity, mutual understanding and tolerance among young people, thus contributing to the strengthening of social cohesion and the promotion of active European citizenship among young people.
In New Caledonia, the Mission d'insertion des jeunes de la province Sud (MIJ) has been accredited since 2010 to send and receive European volunteers as well as to coordinate projects, i.e. to accompany Caledonian structures willing to participate in EVS projects. As an example, the European volunteers hosted in 2013 within MIJ-Sud had the mission of promoting international mobility schemes, including European programs, to the youth of the South Province. In 2013, MIJ sent six Caledonians to Europe and hosted seven young volunteers via this European program. It provides personalized support which complies with European reception regulations for volunteers by providing them with meals and accommodation, thanks in particular to co-financing from its local partners, in particular the government of New Caledonia.
The Northern Province has also received its accreditation to participate in the European Voluntary Service and has sent young people to Europe and Africa.
- The University of New Caledonia (UNC) decided in 2006 to participate in the European Erasmus Exchange Program with the main goal of developing student mobility. It was officially selected in 2007 (for the 2007-2013 period). UNC works with about 20 partner universities in Europe. The government of New Caledonia has granted additional financial means to students benefiting from Erasmus in order to facilitate their travel and their stay in Europe.
- The Mission d'insertion des jeunes (MIJ) also participated in the Leonardo Da Vinci program. In 2013, eight young New Caledonians were able to benefit from a vocational training grant to complete a twenty-week internship in Europe in the hospitality sector. This project, called Mobility Islands, enabled the beneficiaries to develop their linguistic and professional skills which they were able to use on their return to the territory. The association has already obtained 36 additional scholarships as a part of of the 2nd and 3rd editions of the project, revised and adapted in 2014 and 2015.
- The MIJ also participated in Leonardo projects as a partner. This was the case in particular during the STEP project, a mobility project between European structures based on the exchange of practices and experiences of professionals in the field of youth employment and integration. Twelve employees of the MIJ were involved in this project, which brought together seven partners and 98 European employees. The objective of the MIJ: to train and develop the skills of its actors throughout life. Moreover, six of them were able to benefit from a mobility experience during the STEP project.
- Gruntdvig, the last part of the EU's "Lifelong Learning" program, was also developed within the MIJ between 2012 and 2014 via the PTO (Pathways to opportunities) project. The objective of this project, in addition to the exchange of good practices, was to find the most appropriate tools to maintain the motivation of a young person during the construction of his or her professional life project, in particular through lifelong learning, the use of new information and communication technologies (ICT) and mobility. This two-year project has allowed the eight partners to meet four times in order to identify shared and effective professional practices and to reflect on how to share and apply them to different environments. One of the last meetings of this PTO project took place in late November 2013 in New Caledonia.